Ghana has published Article 6, Paragraph 2 Initial Report (AIR) to the UNFCCC. This is in accordance to Decision 2/CMA.3, Annex, Chapter IV.A (Initial Report) in respect of authorisation of ITMOs From the Cooperative Approach between the Republic of Ghana and the Swiss Confederation on the Promotion of climate-smart agriculture practices for sustainable rice cultivation in Ghana with UIN 110923GHAWD1001.
This cooperative approach promotes the adoption of Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) for rice cultivation. Under common agricultural practice in Ghana, rice farmers flood their rice fields throughout the cropping season.
This practice leads to significant methane emissions. Through the AWD application, rice farmers can reduce these methane emissions while improving water use efficiency. Farmers will be compensated financially for adopting the AWD practice and are receiving targeted technical training, which provides the necessary incentive to change the current cultural practice.
The cooperative approach is expected to reduce 1,125,655 tCOze by 2030. At full implementation, the adoption of AWD technology will cover 78% of rice production areas in Ghana.